Cultivation and Care of Roses

POSITION: Roses usually prefer an open site in full sun away from competition from other plants or trees.

SOIL: Roses thrive in moderately fertile, humus-rich, moist but well-drained soils.

SOIL PREPARATION: Dig thoroughly and incorporate composted bark or well rotted farm yard manure. Soil in which roses have been growing for a number of years the soil suffers from rose soil sickness and is unsuitable for new plantings because of a build-up of harmful soil organisms. This soil must replaced with fresh soil or sterilised with a proprietary remedy.

PLANTING:

BARE ROOTED PLANTS: Available for planting from late October to March. Only plant when the soil condition is suitable; i.e. not too water logged or not too frozen. Roses should be temporarily ‘heeled-in’ if conditions are not favourable for planting.

CONTAINER GROWN PLANTS: Available for planting all-year-round, provided the soil conditions are suitable. REMEMBER TO WATER REGULARLY IF PLANTING DURING THE SUMMER!

PRUNING:

BUSH ROSES (HYBRID TEA & FLORIBUNDA): Cut back main stems to 20-25cm (8-10in) above ground in late winter/early spring.

CLIMBING ROSES: In the first two years cut out only dead, diseased or damaged wood. From the 3rd year onwards prune main shoots within designated area for growth; reduce side shoots by 2/3 or to 3 or 4 buds. This can be done from late autumn to early spring.

RAMBLING ROSES: In the first two years, train stems on to support, reduce side shoots only by 2/3 or to 2-4 buds. From 3rd year onwards reduce sideshoots as before and cut out 1/4 - 1/3 of flowered stems at the base. New shoots arise from the base. This can be done from late autumn to early spring.

ENGLISH ROSES & REPEAT FLOWERING SHRUB ROSES: Cut stems back by 1/3 - 1/2. Remove weak, dying and ageing shoots. This can be done from late to early spring.

NON-REPEAT FLOWERING SHRUB ROSES: No pruning during first two years. In subsequent years cut back good stems by 1/3 and thin out old, weak or dying stems.

PATIO ROSES: Cut back stems and side shoots by 1/3 - 1/2 in late winter or early spring.

GROUND-COVER ROSES: Cut back to outward facing buds to confine to designated area for growth. Shorten sideshoots if overcrowded.

GENERAL MAINTENANCE:

FEEDING: Apply a balanced fertiliser and mulch in early spring and feed again after first flowering.

SUCKERS: All our roses have been ‘budded’ onto a rootstock of a wild rose to ensure vigorous growth. The rootstock may produce shoots known as ‘suckers’, they should be removed as soon as they are seen.

PESTS & DISEASES: During November/December spray with a winter wash to clear your roses of over wintering pests. During late Spring and Summer spray for mildew, rust, black spot etc. using a systemic fungicide such as ‘Fungus Fighter’, ‘Multirose’ or ‘Roseclear’. For Aphids such as greenfly and blackfly and many other pests use a systemic insecticide such as ‘Provado’, MultiRose, ‘Roseclear’.

REMEMBER - USE CHEMICALS SAFELY – ALWAYS READ THE LABEL BEFORE USE!

Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the information given both on our lists and labels. However, some details may vary according to special or geographical circumstances. Varieties offered are subject to availability.

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